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Tour de France facts for kids - become an expert on the worlds greatest cycle race!
The Tour de France is the worlds longest cycle race that takes place over 23 days and covers over 2,200 miles. Each year the race takes a different route, but the finish is always in Paris with a magnificent sprint down the Champs-Élysées. There are lots of interesting facts about the Tour de France, as it has been going for over 100 years! We hope you enjoy our Tour de France Facts for Kids .
Tour de France facts for kids
The first ever Tour de France took place in 1903.
The year 2002 would have been the 100th race, but the Tour de France was cancelled during World War 1 and World War 2, so the 100th Tour de France did not take place until 2013.
In the early years of the Tour, riders rode individually and were sometimes forbidden to ride together! Nowadays, riders are bunched together like a short train, and this is known as the Peloton.
The Tour de France is also known as "Le Tour" for short, and the first day of the race is called "Le Grand Depart" which means "the big start".
The Tour de France doesn't just take place in France - most years it has some stages in other countries, and in recent years Le Grand Depart has taken place in Belgium, Corsica, the UK and the Netherlands. For 2017 the Grand Depart is in Düsseldorf, Germany.
Tour de France facts for kids: - Tour de France stages
Each day of the race is known as a ‘Stage’, and Stages can last up to six hours. At the end of each day the rider who crosses the finish line first is the ‘Stage Winner’ and gets to go up onto the podium. In total, there are 21 stages over the 23 days, so the riders only get two rest days over the whole race!
Some stages are flat and fast, and others are very mountainous. There are several stages which are called time trials.
In a time trial the cyclists don't all start the race at the same time. Instead, each set of with a gap of one minute between each rider. Each rider is timed, and the fastest person to complete the course is the stage winner. Sometimes a rider will cycle so fast that they catch up the person in front.
Tour de France facts for kids - winners and loosers
The Stage Winner is not the only rider who gets to go on the podium each day. There are other winners too, with each getting to wear a special coloured cycling top known as a ‘Jersey’. The overall race leader gets to wear the yellow jersey - (it's possible to buy kids size yellow jersey's so you don't need to be a professional cyclist to own one!).
There is also a green jersey, a white jersey and a red and white spotted jersey. For more information about the Tour de France jerseys, and what each of the jersey colours mean, click here.
The overall winner of the Tour de France is the rider with the quickest time for all the stages put together.
The rider with the greatest number of wins is actually shared by four riders, who have each won the Tour de France 5 times:
- Jacques Anquetil
- Bernard Hinault
- Miguel Indurain
- Eddie Merckx
It is possible for a rider who has not been in the lead, and never worn the yellow jersey, to win the overall Tour de France by cycling very fast on the last day. This has only happened twice so far – in 1947 and 1968.
The youngest rider ever to win the Tour de France was Henri Comet – he was only 19 years old when he won in 1904.
The oldest person to win the Tour de France was Firmin Lambot, who was 36 years and 4 months old when he won in 1922.
The rider who has taken the most time to complete the race is known as the 'lanterne rouge' or red lantern, named after the red lights on the back of a car so it can be seen at night.
French riders have won the most Tour de France races (21 cyclists have won 36 tours between them). Belgian riders are in 2nd place, with 18 wins, and then the Spanish are in 3rd place with 12 wins.
Only two Briton's have even won the Tour de France - Bradley Wiggins in 2012 and Chris Froome in 2013, 2015 and 2016.
Women are not allowed to compete in the Tour de France, although since 2014 there has been a women's race on the final day, called "Le Course". The first winner was the Dutch cyclist Marianne Vos.
Tour de France facts for kids - Watching the Tour de France
Millions of people around the world watch the Tour de France on their tv screens and tablets, with viewing numbers peaking for the final stage as it heads into Paris.
Hundreds of thousands of people line the route of the race each day, and some people camp for up to a week to ensure they get a good view. Because of the crowds and the excitement, there is often a party or carnival atmosphere.
Before the cyclists ride past the crowd, there a lots of cars and vans advertising the race sponsors. They can take almost an hour to pass by, and are known as "the caravan". Often they throw out souvenirs at the crowd, and everyone tries to catch something. Once the caravan has passed by, the police clear the road and then the cyclists ride past, often in a peleton.
People who live on the Tour de France route decorate their houses, paint the roads and display yellow bikes on the side of the road. This is a photo of a primary school in Yorkshire, when the Tour de France came to Britain in 2014.
Some farmers even paint their sheep yellow, or plough bicycle shapes into their crops!
Tour de France facts for kids - other posts you may like:
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These Tour de France facts for kids were first published in 2012, and have been updated for the 2017 Tour de France.
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